A világhirű RAJKÓ zenekar a világ majd
minden földrészén páratlan sikerrel szerepelt. Észak Amerikában is
számos alkalommal fellépett, és az idei turnéjuk régen várt esemény. A
hagyományos hangszereken játszó nyolc tagú zenekar a 19. és 20.
jellegzetes cigánymuzsikáját tolmácsolja. Liszt Ferencre nagy hatást
tettek a 19. század cigány zenekarai, műveibe gyakran beleszőtte a a
hallott dallamokat. A concert keretén belül hagyományos népi muzsika,
híres klasszikus darabok, valamint örökzöld dallamok hallhatók,
sajátosan budapesti stílusú előadásban. Az együttes tagjai évtizedes
közös művészi múltra tekintenek vissza és hangszereik kiváló mesterei.
Danyi Lőrinc, violin
Fehér Gyula, violin
Tamás Mata, violin
Toldi József, violin
Suki Antal, clarinet
Suki Benedek, vilola
Matyi Gábor, bass
Vendégművész: Kuti Sándor,
HUNGARIAN ORCHESTRA FROM
tradition in folk and classical music at its best
“Ferenc [Franz] Liszt and His Beloved Gypsy Music”
A Celebration of the
200th Anniversary of the birth of Liszt
The world famous RAJKÓ
Orchestra has toured most Continents of the
World with unprecedented success. They have performed in North America
on many occasions and this year’s Tour marks their long awaited return.
Performances will feature an eight member orchestra with traditional
instruments producing the "Authentic Gypsy music" sound of the 19th
and 20th Centuries. Franz [Ferenc] Liszt was greatly
influenced by the music of the Hungarian Gypsy orchestras of the 19th
Century; he incorporated many tunes in his compositions. The concert
will include traditional folk music, classical masterpieces and old
evergreen favorites, presented in a style which can only be heard in
Budapest. Every performer is a highly skilled master of his instrument
and the orchestra members have played together for decades, assuring a
perfect ensemble sound.
The world famous
offers a unique musical experience and is comprised of highly skilled
Gypsy musicians who have been rigorously trained at its legendary music
school in Budapest, Hungary. The school, together with the orchestra was
established in 1952 and it specifically recruited talented young persons
with Roma backgrounds and trained them in the traditions of Central
European Gypsy style music. However, the students were also offered a
classical musical training, shaping them to be exceptional performers. "Rajkó"
means "young Roma" and, in fact, it is an appropriate name for the
students at the school. The exceptional artistic standards of the
“Rajkós” are unique in that they preserve a musical tradition, which is
rooted in improvisation, an essential ingredient to their virtuosity.
2011 Tour consists of eight exceptional musicians, with a line-up
consistent with the classical form of a Gypsy orchestra: Two lead
violinists, called the "Primás",
second viloin, vilola, cimbalom, clarinet, cello and double bass. These
instruments assure the authentic sound of the much loved and admired
"Gypsy music" of the 19th and 20th Centuries. The
incredible range of their repertoire covers many genres from classical
to folk music, and from operettas to gypsy music. As an added benefit,
this year marks the 200th anniversary of birth of Franz
Liszt, who loved Gypsy music and based several of his famous
compositions on this style. In the performance of the
we may hear the very same music Liszt adored.
The great achievements of the
include highly successful tours throughout Europe, North and South
America, Australia, and the Far East where they have repeatedly excited
and thrilled audiences. Recently they were invited twice to perfrom in
the Vatican for the Pope and at the European Congress of the Pastoral
Care for Gypsies. They have frequently appeared on national and
international television and radio, and also have a number of critically
acclaimed recordings to their names.
PART I – In Memory of F. Liszt
1.Unknown composer: Lightning Csárdás (Villámcsárdás)
The concert opens with a virtuoso composition offering the typical
flavor of Hungarian Romantic Gypsy music.
2.J. Brahms (1833-1897): Hungarian Dance No. 5
Brahms greatly respected and appreciated by the work of Liszt. They had
met several times and one can just imagine how they discussed their
mutual admiration for Hungarian Gypsy music. Brahms completed his
Hungarian dances in 1869. Dance No. 5 uses a popular csárdás theme which
the composer thought to be an original folksong, but it turned out to be
written by a Hungarian composer, Béla Kelér.
3.Ede Reményi(1828-1898): Fly My Swallow (Repülj, Fecském)
Reményi was one of the greatest violinists of the 19th Century and his
accompanist was Brahms, before Brahms became famous. Reményi had a great
influence on Brahms’ music and he introduced Brahms to his good friend
Liszt. Reményi wrote this piece to be able to show off his virtuosity
and pay to homage to his homeland. He died in New York City.
4.Folk Music Sources of Liszt’s Hungarian Rhapsodies
Liszt’s Hungarian Rhapsodies can be traced back to Hungarian folk and
written songs popular during his stay in Budapest. The orchestra will
play a bouquet of folksongs which may also be recognizable in Liszt
5.F. Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 14
Liszt composed 19 Hungarian Rhapsodies – the first 15 were published in
1853. All the pieces were based on Hungarian folk themes. This Rhapsody
is also known as “Hungarian Fantasia” – the verbunkos and the csárdás
themes are well known to every classical music lover.
6.Ivó Csámpai: In Memoriam of Bihari
Csámpai, a well-known arranger and composer, orchestrated this
composition which recalls the characteristic “verbunk” style made famous
by one of the best known Gypsy violinists, János Bihari (1764-1827).
Bihari was influential in developing the new style of Hungarian music:
verbunk and csárdás and Liszt used some of his melodies, but even other
composers like Beethoven and Sarasante included music in their
compositions from this charismatic “prímás”.
7.F. Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2
This Rhapsody will likely be the most recognizable classical masterpiece
fro concertgoers as “typical” Hungarian music. Liszt was a true European
artist, who lived for many years outside Hungary, but he never forgot
his origins and dedicated energy and money to assist Hungary and its
people and was influential in establishing musical training in Budapest.
PART II – Our Tradition
In the tradition of true Gypsy orchestras the RAJKÓ will alter the
program every night to suit the specific concert audience and the
musicians own creative mood in true RAJKÓ tradition! This is the essence
of Roma music in Hungary or anywhere else in the world: spontaneity,
improvisation and drawing a smile or a tear from the listeners. Hundreds
of years of tradition in Hungary by Gypsy musicians formed and shaped
the Hungarian spirit and provided great support to the Nation in times
of trouble and triumph. Hungarian Gypsy Music, as we hear it at this
concert, provided one of the foundations for Hungarian culture.
Part II of the program includes folk music or popular music selections
loved and enjoyed by Hungarians across the globe, in addition,
selections from romantic and classical composers – the roster RAJKÓ may
chose from include Monti, Hubay, Dinicu, Khachaturian, Offenbach, Suppé,
Strauss family from Vienna or Rossini – just to name a few. Sit back and
enjoy some of the world’s most seasoned musical entertainers – who
regularly play for tourists and local music lovers in Hungary. Today
they will play for you!
Oh, and don’t forget to enjoy the wonderful instrumentation and
instrument unique to Hungarian music. The cimbalom, for example, which
completely mesmerized composers – not only Liszt and other composers of
his time, but even 20th Century artists like Richard Strauss. Although
this instrument may is used in many countries, this form of the
instrument was the invention of the Hungarian instrument maker, József
Schunda in 1874 in Budapest. It was he, who made it possible to use it
as a concert instrument by inventing a pedal for the strings. The
precise cimbalom we hear today was made by another famous maker, Sándor
Bohák, in Hungary. The instrument is close to being hundred years old,
but it was completely rebuilt and it is on its first tour in the USA.
Sándor Kuti, the cimbalom player, is one of the best cimbalom players in
the world today.
In the true tradition of Gypsy musicians, the audience is encouraged to
suggest songs or specific concert pieces during intermission. The
suggestions should be offered in writing and given to the person at the
merchandizing desk. If possible, the orchestra will play the requested
Finally, remember that RAJKÓ is part of a functioning music school in
Budapest, which trains hundreds of pupils to carry on Hungarian cultural
traditions. As with any art school today, the financial situation is
challenging. Your support, financial or otherwise, is welcome.
Lőrinc Danyi – violin
Gyula Fehér – violin
Mata Tamás – violin
József Toldi – violin
Antal Suki – clarinet
Benedek Suki – vilola
Gábor Matyi – bass
Special guest artist: Sándor Kuti – cimbalom
Managing Director of Orchestra: István Gerendási